1.  T.S. Elliot, « The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock », in Selected Poems (London : Faber and Faber), 1964, 13.

 2.  William S. Burroughs, Junky, (New York : Viking Penguin), 1977, xvi.

 3.  Ludwig Wittgenstein, Culture and Value, (Oxford : Basil Blackwell), 1980, 36e.

 4.  Burroughs, op. cit., xv and xvi.

 5.  See Ray Monk, Ludwig Wittgenstein : The Duty of Genius, (London : Jonathan Cape), 1990, passim.

 6.  Burroughs, op. cit., 152. Another noteworthy affinity is the interest both Wittgenstein and Burroughs have in language as it is actually used and how it is embedded in a way of life. Wittgenstein's remark « Ordinary language is all right » and his attitude of respect for the everyday are well-known. However, Burrough's retrieval of 'jive talk', the street language of junk and marijuana users, is rarely noticed, even though a glossary is provided at the end of Junky.

 7.  Crispin Sartwell, « Addiction and Authorship », 1 and passim.

 8.  Ibid., 13 and passim.

 9.  See Béla Szabados, « Autobiography and Philosophy », Metaphilosophy, 1995, 63-80, as one example of an argument for such a thesis.

10.  Sartwell, op. cit., 13.

11.  Ibid.

12.  Ibid., 12-14.

13.  Michel de Montaigne, Essays, translated by J.M. Cohen, (London : Penguin Books), 1958.

14.  Burroughs, op. cit., xv.

15.  See Jean-Paul Sartre, The Words, translated by Bernard Frechtman, (New York : Fawcett), 1968.

16.  Friedrich Nietzsche, Daybreak : Thoughts on the Prejudices of Morality, translated by R.J. Hollingdale, (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press), 1982, 214.

17.  Sartwell, op. cit., 15.

18.  Ibid., 12.

19.  Ibid., 10.

20.  Ibid., 8.

21.  Ibid.

22.  Here I am echoing the insightful remark of one of the referees for my paper.

23.  Wittgenstein, op. cit., 56e.

24.  Ludwig Wittgenstein, Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, translated by D.F. Pears and B.F. McGuinness, (London : Routledge and Kegan Paul), 1961, 151.

25.  Roland Barthes, The Pleasure of the Text, translated by Richard Miller, (New York : Hill and Wang), 1979, 3.

26.  Wittgenstein, Culture and Value, 45e.

27.  Roland Barthes, « Lecture in Inauguration of the Chair of Literary Semiology, Collège de France », translated by Richard Howard, (October 8, 1979), 6.

28.  Wittgenstein, « Lecture on Ethics » in The Wittgenstein Reader, edited by Anthony Kenny, (Oxford : Basil Blackwell), 1994, 296.

29.  Ibid.

30.  Wittgenstein, Tractatus, 5.6.

31.  Here I am echoing the insightful remark of one of the referees for my paper.

32.  Sartwell, op. cit., 6.

33.  Burroughs, op. cit., 152.