1. See, for example, Louis Menand's "The Culture Wars", a review of Richard Bernstein's Dictatorship of Virtue: Multiculturalism and the Battle for America's Future, in The New York Review of Books (October 6, 1994), 16-21.
3. "The Master's Pieces: On Canon Formation and the African-American Tradition," in The Politics of Liberal Education, edited by Darryl J. Gless and Barbara Herrnstein Smith (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1992), 95-117, 96.
8. I have in mind Nancy Fraser's definition of counterpublics as "parallel discursive arenas where members of subordinated social groups invent and circulate counterdiscourses to formulate oppositional interpretations of their identities, interests, and needs." See Fraser's "Rethinking the Public Sphere," in Habermas and the Public Sphere, edited by Craig Calhoun (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1992), 109-142, 123.
11. For an influential discussion of the concept of a small nation, see Miroslav Hroch's The Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe: A Comparative Analysis of the Social Composition of Patriotic Groups among the Smaller European Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985). Hroch chooses to limit the term 'small nation' to "those [nations] which were in subjection to a ruling nation for such a long period that the relation of subjection took on a structural character for both parties" (9). This definition is, in my mind, overly restrictive since it effaces the important role played by the sheer size of a country and its population, as well as by the reach of its language.
12. The Rambo/Rimbaud substitution is evoked by Graff in the context of an analysis of objections to multicultural reform. See his "Teach the Conflicts," in The Politics of Liberal Education, 57-73, 68. The Bugs Bunny and Shakespeare example is from Roger Kimball's Tenured Radicals: How Politics Has Corrupted Our Higher Education (New York: Harper & Row, 1990), xii.
24. "Citizenship and National Identity: Some Reflections on the Future of Europe," in Theorizing Citizenship, edited by R. Beiner (Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1995), 255-283.
31. See his article by that title in The Politics of Liberal Education, 57-73. See also "Taking Cover in Coverage," Profession 86, 41-45; Professing Literature : An Institutional History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987); "What Should We Be Teaching--When There is No 'We'?" Yale Journal of Criticism 1 (1987), 189-211.
39. The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, translated by Thomas Burger with the assistance of Frederick Lawrence (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1991).